The term vitamin B doesn’t refer to just one vitamin. There are actually eight forms of vitamin B, and each has its own function within the human body. The B vitamins are essential to good health, but many people struggle to get enough of each type through diet alone.
Forms of Vitamin B
The eight forms of vitamin B include:
- B1 (thiamine)
- B2 (riboflavin)
- B3 (niacin or nicotinic acid)
- B5 (Pantothenic acid)
- B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine)
- B7 (biotin)
- B9 (folic acid)
- B12 (various cobalamins, such as cyanocobalamin and methylcobalamin)
Each form of vitamin B has its own role within the body, and a deficiency in one area can have serious health consequences.
Health Benefits of B Vitamins
Each type of B vitamin has its own function within the human body.
- Vitamin B1 can serve as an “anti-stress” vitamin and help protect the immune system.
- Vitamin B2 can work as an antioxidant and help your body produce red blood cells.
- Vitamin B3 can boost HDL cholesterol levels.
- Vitamin B5 can help produce and regulate sex-related and stress-related hormones.
- Vitamin B6 can help produce serotonin, melatonin and norepinephrine, as well as reduce inflammation in conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis.
- Vitamin B7 can help control high blood glucose levels in diabetics.
- Vitamin B9 can help ward off depression, prevent memory loss and prevent neurological birth defects in the womb.
- Vitamin B12 can help produce red blood cells.
Forms of Vitamin B Available
Vitamin B is available in many forms, including prolonged release tablets, gelcaps, and even vegetarian-friendly formulations.